Social constructivism (or sociocutluralism) posits that the creation of knowledge cannot be separated from the social environment in which it is formed. While cognitive constructivists are concerned with understanding mental representations social constructivists are more concerned with the ways in which knowledge is constructed through social interaction.
The emphasis within this paradigm is on human relationships and on learning through participation (activity) in social contexts (communities). The overall purpose of education is for learners to co-create knowledge and form identities. Learning is situated and occurs continuously through collaboration between the person and the social context. It involves more than intellectual aspects; it also involves knowing oneself (constructing identity) and enculturation - picking up the jargon, behaviour, and norms of a new social group, and adopting its belief systems to become a member of the culture.
Please Note: We have grouped social constructivism and socioculturalism into one paradigm, however they have slight differences in focus. Social constructivists focus more on how learning is facilitated through social interaction, whereas socioculturalists focus on knowledge creation as a collective process